Color and light in the Azerbaijan architecture during the feudalism period
The national traditions in fine arts, particularly the applied arts, were characterized by a special interest in the variety of colours, colour combinations and their interaction with light effects. The depiction of the interiors is characterized by a combination of contrary methods such as naturalism and stylization. An inseparable element of the inner space decoration of traditional Azerbaijan architecture was “shebeke” which is a traditional kind of stain glass. The presence of “shebeke” gives the living space not only a feeling of comfort and intimate character, but also, it saturates it with a light transformed, thus creating a sacred atmosphere. The system of decoration in the traditional architecture of Azerbaijan (both cult and domestic) was impregnated with a deep semantic sense of religious and philosophical character. The ideas of the Beauty of God, cognition of Truth, the search for Paradise and, finally, the protection from Evil – were important notions for the inhabitants of those interiors. The article deals with the theory and history of architecture and the perception of the national traditions by the current generations. The study aims to consider the Azerbaijan architecture of the Feudalism period namely, the 15th through the 19th century. The study concluded that the most important aspect of work with colour used by the Azerbaijan architects was the application of ceramic tiles, while the most important element in the enrichment of colouring of inner space was painting made by tempera on gesso ground or the wooden basis.
Keywords: Light, color, Azerbaijan architecture, ceramic tiles, decoration